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Inonyanya kushanda mota munyika

Commen motor: Iyo mota chishandiso chinoshandura magetsi emagetsi kuita mashini emagetsi. 70% -95% yemagetsi magetsi anotorwa nemota anochinjirwa kumakanika. Izvi zvinowanzodaidzwa kuti kukosha kwemota. Icho chakakosha chiratidzo chehunyanzvi hwemotokari, uye iyo yasara 30% 5% inodyiwa nemotokari pachayo nekuda kwekushisa uye nekushomeka kwemuchina, saka chikamu ichi chesimba chakapambadzwa.

Yakakwira-mota mota: Mota ine yakakwira simba yekushandiswa simba inodaidzwa kuti yakakwira-mota mota, inonzi "yakakwirira-inoshanda mota".

Kune akajairwa motors, hazvisi nyore kuwedzera kushanda ne1 muzana poindi. Izvo zvinyorwa zvinowedzera zvakanyanya, uye kana iyo mota yekushandira yasvika kune imwe kukosha, zvisinei kuti yakawanda sei midziyo yakawedzerwa, haigone kuvandudzwa. Mazhinji emagetsi anoshanda akanyanya pamusika nhasi anodzosera zvigadzirwa zvematatu-chikamu asynchronous motors, zvinoreva kuti musimboti wekushanda haushanduke.
Yakakwira-inoshanda motors inonatsiridza mota kugona kunyanya kuburikidza:

1. Wedzera zvinhu: wedzera iri kunze dhayeti yepakati, wedzera urefu hwepakati, uwedzere saizi ye stator slot, uye uwedzere uremu hweiya yemhangura waya kuwedzera basa. Semuenzaniso: Y2-8024 mota inowedzera yakadzika dhayamita kubva ikozvino iripo Φ120 kusvika Φ130 Dzimwe nyika dzekunze dzakawedzera 145 apa dzichikwira hurefu kubva 70 kusvika 90. Kuwanda kwesimbi pamota kunowedzerwa ne3Kg. Iyo waya yemhangura inowedzerwa ne 0.9Kg.

2. Shandisa silicon simbi pepa ine yakanaka yemagineti permeability. Munguva yakapfuura, rinopisa-rakapetwa pepa rakakura nesimbi kurasikirwa raishandiswa, uye zvino yakakwirira-inotonhora-yakapetwa pepa nekurasikirwa kwakaderera, senge DW470. Kunyangwe yakaderera DW270.

3. Kuvandudza mashandiro ekugadzirisa, kuderedza mashini kurasikirwa, kutsiva vateveri vadiki, kuderedza kurasikirwa kwe fan, uye shandisa yakakura-inobudirira fani.

4. Gadzirira iyo yemagetsi mashandiro emagetsi eiyo mota, uye simbisa iyo parameter nekushandura chimiro cheguru.

5. Shandisa yakakandwa mhangura rotor (yakaoma process uye yakakwira mutengo).

mota inoshanda zvakanyanya pasi

Naizvozvo, kugadzira mota inonyatsoshanda, mutengo wekugadzira, zvigadzirwa, uye kugadzirisa wakakwira zvakanyanya, kuti magetsi agone kushandurwa kuve mashini emagetsi kusvika padanho rakakura kwazvo.

Energy-kuponesa matanho epamusoro-anoshanda motors:

Magetsi simba kuponesa chirongwa chakarongeka icho chinosanganisira iyo hupenyu hwese kutenderera kwemotokari. Kubva pakugadzirwa uye kugadzirwa kwemotokari kune kusarudzwa, kushanda, kugadzirisa, kugadzirisa, uye kupaza kwemota, mhedzisiro yesimba rekuchengetedza matanho inofanirwa kutariswa kubva kuhupenyu hwese hwekutenderera kwemotokari. Mune izvi, iyo huru yekufungisisa ndeyekuvandudza kushanda mune izvi zvinotevera zvikamu.

Magadzirirwo emagetsi anoponesa mota anoreva kushandiswa kwazvino ekugadzira nzira senge optimization dhizaini yekugadzira, hunyanzvi hwekugadzira zvinhu, tekinoroji yekuita, tekinoroji yekubatanidza, uye tekinoroji yekudzikisa kurasikirwa kwemagetsi mota, kuvandudza mashandiro emota. uye gadzira mota inoshanda.

Kana mota yemagetsi painoshandura magetsi emagetsi kuita simba rekuita, inorasikirwa zvakare nechikamu chesimba rayo. Typical AC mota kurasikirwa inowanzo kukamurwa kuita zvikamu zvitatu: kurasikirwa kurasikirwa, kusiana kurasikirwa uye kunonoka kurasika. Kurasikirwa kwakasiyana-siyana kunosiyana nemutoro, kusanganisira stator kuramba kurasikirwa (kurasikirwa kwemhangura), kutenderera kweRotor kurasikirwa, uye kupererwa nebrashi kurasikirwa; kurasikirwa kwakarongeka hakuna chekuita nemutoro, kusanganisira wepakati kurasikirwa uye mehendi kurasikirwa. Iko kurasikirwa kwesimbi kunoumbwa nekurasikirwa kwe hysteresis uye eddy ikozvino kurasikirwa, inoenderana kune chikamu chevheji, uye kurasikirwa kwe hysteresis zvakare kuri pakati nepakati pakuenzana; kumwe kudonha kurasikirwa ndeye mehendi kurasikirwa uye kumwe kurasikirwa, kusanganisira nekukanganisa kurasikirwa mumabheji uye mafeni, rotors Mirira kutiza kwemhepo kurasikirwa nekuda kwekutenderera.

mota inoshanda zvakanyanya pasi

Zvimiro zvemhando yepamusoro-motors:

1. Chengetedza simba uye kuderedza kwenguva refu kushanda kwemubhadharo. Iyo inokodzera kwazvo machira, mafeni, mapombi, compressor, uye inogona kuchengetedza mota yekutenga mota nekuchengetedza magetsi kwegore rimwe;

2. Kutanga inverter zvakananga kana kushandisa inverter kugadzirisa iyo kumhanya, uye asynchronous mota inogona kutsiviwa zvachose;

3. Iyo isingawanzo pasi isingagumi magineti yakakwirira-inoshanda simba-yekuchengetedza mota pachayo inogona kuchengetedza kupfuura 15% yemagetsi emagetsi kana ichienzaniswa neyakajairwa motors;

4. Iyo simba chinhu chemotokari iri padhuze ne1, iyo inovandudza mhando yemhando yegidhi yemagetsi pasina kuwedzera simba chinhu compensator;

5. Iyo mota iripo idiki, ichengetedza kuendesa uye kugovera mukana, uye kuwedzera hupenyu hwese hwekushandisa system;

6. Isimba-rekuchengetedza bhajeti: Tora mota yemakiromita 55 semuenzaniso. Yakakwirira-inoshanda motors chengetedza 15% yemagetsi kana ichienzaniswa neyakajairwa motors. Mari yemagetsi inoverengwa pa 0.5 yuan pa degree. Energy-kuponesa mota mota dzinogona kushandiswa kudzosera mutengo wekutsiva motors mukati megore rimwe.

mota inoshanda zvakanyanya pasi

Zvakanakira zvemota zvinoshanda:

Kutanga kwekutanga uye kudzorera kwakazara kweasynchronous motors.

Rare-pasi nekusingaperi magineti yakakwirira-inoshanda simba-ekuponesa mota zvinogona kuchengetedza kupfuura 3% yemagetsi emagetsi kana ichienzaniswa neyakajairwa motors.

Iyo simba chinhu chemotokari inowanzo kuve yakakwirira kupfuura 0.90, iyo inovandudza mhando yemagetsi grid pasina kuwedzera chinhu chesimba compensator.

Iyo diki mota iripo inoisa simba kutakurira uye yekuparadzira huwandu uye inowedzera hupenyu hwese hwekushandisa system.

Kuwedzesa mutyairi kunogona kuziva kutanga kwakapfava, kumira kwakapfava uye kusingamhanye kudzora mutemo, uye simba rekuchengetedza simba rinowedzera kuve nani.

YE2-90 ~ 355 yakateedzera (IP55) yakakwirira-yakakwanirisa matatu-chikamu asynchronous mota ndiko kusimudzira ikozvino-yakazara-yakavharirwa yega-fan-yakadzivirirwa squirrel-cage yakakwira-matatu matatu-chikamu asynchronous mota. Kubudirira kweiyi nhevedzano yemotor

Indekisi yacho inosvika pasimba rekushaiwa simba 3 muChinese GB18613-2012 "Energy Limit Valits uye Simba Kuita Mwero kune Diki uye Pakati-pakati-sedzhatu Matanho Asynchronous Motors". YE2-90 ~ 355 akateedzera yakakwirira-inoshanda matatu-chikamu asynchronous motors ine yakanyanya kushanda uye akasiyana maitiro ezviratidziro asvika kune yakakwirira pasirese level. Iyo mota inoshandiswa kusevha yakareba-inomhanya mitoro yakadai se mafani nemapombi, ayo anogona kuchengetedza simba rakawanda uye anobatsira kuchengetedza nharaunda.

YE2-90 ~ 355 yakateedzera (IP55) yakakwirira-inoshanda matatu-chikamu asynchronous motors akaiswa muhukuru hunosangana ne International Electrotechnical Commission's IEC72-1 standard. Motors ine nzvimbo yepakati yeH160 uye pamusoro yakarongedzerwa neisina-kumira jekiseni mafuta uye madhiramu madhizaini, uye yekumisa kupisa inochengeterwa nzvimbo yeiyo thermistor uye chinyoro-chiratidzo chekupisa bhandi inokodzera vashandisi kusarudza. Iyo motor stator inotora F-level insulation, asi kukwirira kwekushisa kunoongororwa zvinoenderana ne80K, mota tembiricha yekukwira marong yakakura, uye hupenyu hwakareba; iyo rotor inotora aluminium yekukanda maitiro, ayo ane yakanyanya kuvimbika.

mota inoshanda zvakanyanya pasi

YE2 yakateerana yakakwirira-inoshanda matatu-chikamu asynchronous mota parameter:

Simba renji reiyi nhetsi mota: 0.75 ~ 315KW;

Yakareba kukwirira: H90 ~ 355

Yakavharwa yekudzivirira giredhi: IP54, IP55, IP65

Nyaya yemidziyo: akanda iron iron (H80-355mm), cast aluminium kesi (H80-160mm)

Nzira yekutonhora: IC411

Maitiro ekushanda: anoshanda anoshanda system (SI)

Simba renzvimbo: 0.75-315kw

Nhamba yematanda: 4, 6, 8

Rated voltage: 220 / 380V 230 / 440V 380 / 660V 400 / 690V;

Inofungidzirwa kirasi: F (stator tembiricha inokwira mukati me80K)

Rated frequency: 50Hz, 60Hz

Zvimiro zveYU2 dzakateedzana zvakakwirisa matatu-chikamu asynchronous mota:

Kubata zvakanyanya, kurira kwakadzika, kuderera kwekutenderera, yakakwirira kutanga torque, compact dhizaini, dhizaini dhizaini, chitarisiko chakanaka, kushandiswa kwakanaka uye kuchengetedza, etc. Kana iyo magetsi iri 3KW uye pazasi, ndiyo Y yekubatanidza nzira. Kana iyo magetsi ari 4KW uye pamusoro, ndiyo nzira yekubatanidza △. Ambient tembiricha: -15 ℃ ≤0≤40 ℃, kureba: kusapfuura 1000 metres.


Parizvino, simba uye kuchengetedza zvakatipoteredza zviri kuwana zvakanyanya kutarisisa. Iko magetsi emagetsi anoshandisa mota motors inosvika makumi manomwe muzana yeChina yose maindasitiri mashandisiro uye 70% yezvese nyika simba rekushandisa. Naizvozvo, indasitiri yemotokari yave iri imwe yeaindasitiri ine simba rakanyanya kuponesa rinokwanisa. Kubata nekusimudzira yakakwirira-inoshanda motors ndiyo nzira yakakosha yekuzadzisa mota simba kuponesa.

Iyo yepamusoro-inoshanda uye ine simba-yekuchengetedza mota ndeyekuvandudza dhizaini, zvishandiso uye mashandiro evamwe motors, nekudaro ichivandudza mashandisirwo esimba mashandiro. Zvinoenderana neChina mota yekugona kwemagetsi migero, mota yekugona simba yakakamurwa kuita zvikamu zvitatu: simba rekushandisa zvine simba iri rekutanga mota inonyanya kushanda, simba rekumanikidza nhanho mbiri inokwana mota inoshanda zvakanyanya, uye simba rekuita nhanho nhanho nhatu inowanzoitika mota. Mota simba rekuchengetedza rakakamurwa kuita matatu mods zvichienderana nehukuru hwemotokari: mota pakati nepakati moturu dzinoshandisa sisitimu yekuchengetedza simba, micro motors inoshandisa DC, kutenderera frequency uye humwe hunyanzvi, uye madiki nemadiki motors anonyanya kushandiswa muminda maindasitiri kuvandudza. tekinoroji yemotokari. Kutora zvinoshandiswa zvakanyanya zvakanyanya zvidiki uye zvepakati svutugadzike s semuenzaniso, iro razvino seksimba simba iri 87.5% -97.5%, uye kushanda kweyakajairika motors ndeye 75% kusvika 95%. Yakakwirira-inoshanda motors ndeye 1% kusvika ku10% inoshanda kupfuura akajairwa motors, ayo anogona kuderedza anenge 20% kusvika 40% kurasikirwa kwemagetsi. Rare-pasi risingaperi magineti yakakwirira-inoshanda motors zvakakwana chengetedza iyo excation simba, uye simba ravo kushanda kune 10% kusvika ku15% yakakwirira kupfuura yakajairwa motors, izvo zvinogona kuderedza kurasikirwa kwesimba neanopfuura 50%.

"Gamba" inoona zvakafanana, kukwirira kwakanyanya uye kuchengetedza simba zvave chibvumirano chezvepasi rose indasitiri yezvemotokari indasitiri

Iyo mota yepasi rose iri kukura munzira yekubudirira zvakanyanya uye kuchengetedza simba, uye tarisiro yemusika yakanyanya. United States, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Australia neNew Zealand zvakateedzera nenzira inobudirira migero yekubudirira kwesimba kwemagetsi motors. Zvakaita seNEMAPremium Ultra-yakakwira simba rekuyera yakagadzirwa neUnited States pamusoro peiyo EPACT standard, EU yeEU-CEMEP standard, yeAustralia AS / NS1359.5-2000, uye Chinese GB18613-2006 standard.

"Basa" iro rinofanira kupedzwa-nzira yega yekuvandudzika

Muna Gumiguru 2010, hurumende yeChinese yakavimbisa pasi rose kutanga kwemusangano weCopenhagen: panosvika 2020, simba reChina richishandisa chikamu chimwe cheGDP uye kabhoni diokosiidhiya zvichaderedzwa ne40% -45% zvichienzaniswa na2005. Muna Kurume 2011 , chirongwa che "Gumi neChishanu Chegore Rekuita" chakanyatsojekesa kuti panguva ye "Gumi nemashanu Gumi-reChirongwa Chegore" nguva, China GDP yakakura paavhareji yegore rose ye7%, uye kushandiswa kwesimba pachikamu chimwe cheGDP uye kabhoni diokisi emhepo zvakaderedzwa negumi nematanhatu. % uye 16%, zvichiteerana.

2020 tarisiro inotarisirwa "Gumi nerimwe Gumi-reGore Rekutanga" yakawedzera mhinduro "Gumi neChishanu Makore-Makore mashanu Ekupedzisira" chinangwa chakasara che "13th Chishanu-gore Gadziriro" chiri 40% -45% yakaderera pane 2005, pasi 19.1%, 16%, 11.7% -19.1 %

Kuvandudza mashandisirwo esimba mashandisiro uye kugona simba rekuchengetedza uye kubvisa dhizaini zvinangwa zvakanaka, matanho anoshanda anofanirwa kutorwa panguva imwecheteyo muzvikamu zvitatu zvekugadzira simba, kuperekedza simba uye kushandisa simba. Magetsi kushandiswa anosanganisira anosvika makumi mashanu muzana ekushandiswa kwesimba, uye mota simba rekushandisa rinoita hafu yenharaunda yese. Naizvozvo, kuvandudza mashandiro esimba emagetsi motors ichave yakakosha uye yakakosha chinongedzo muChina yekuchengetedza simba uye emisimiro yekudzikisa masimba. Kana ese ese akajairwa motors mukushandurwa atsiviwa nemhando yepamusoro-mota, mashandisiro emagetsi egore anogona kuponeswa neanosvika mazana matanhatu negumi nemasere emakiromita. Mumamiriro ezvinhu akafanana, simba rese renyika rinogona kudzikiswa nezvikamu zviviri muzana. China yakazara simba rekushandisa uye kushandisa simba pane imwe unit yeGDP yadonha ne50 muzana peresenti. Naizvozvo, mota kuchengetedza simba rave nzira isingadzivisiki yekuzadzisa simba rekuchengetedza uye kubvisa dhizaini kuChina.

"Karoti uye Zvimiti", kusanganiswa kwemasiridhi uye zvinodiwa zvemitambo kukurumidza kukwidziridzwa kweanoshanda motors muChina

Iyo "Gumi nemashanu Gumi-reGore Chirongwa" inokurudzira kusimudzira kwakasimba kwemaindasitiri manomwe anomuka, uye iyo indasitiri yemotokari, seindasitiri inotungamira mukuchengetedza simba uye kuchengetedza zvakatipoteredza, simba idzva, mota nyowani, uye yakakwirira-magumo ekugadzira michina, inofanirwa kuve yakasimba inotsigirwa nemitemo yenyika. Kusimudzirwa kwemaitiro akakwirira-anoshanda anomiririra kuchengetedza kwesimba uye kuchengetedza zvakatipoteredza kucharamba kuchikwira.

Kuti ikurudzire kukwidziridzwa kwemhando yepamusoro-soro motors, iyo nyika yakatanga kupa rubatsiro rwemari kune yepamusoro-soro motors musi waChikumi 18, 2010; kuitira kuti uwane chinangwa chekusimudzira mamirioni 31.77 emakiromita emagetsi akakwira muna 2011, huwandu hwemubhadharo hwakawedzerwa muna Kurume 8 wegore, sezviri kuratidzwa mune inotevera tafura:

mota inoshanda zvakanyanya pasi

Pamusoro pekuwedzera rubatsiro, iyo nyika yakawedzera kuunza marongero ekusimudzira kukurudzira kwemaitiro akakwira. Iyo "GB18613-2006" chiyero cheyakazara mota indasitiri inotaura kuti kubva muna Chikunguru 1, 2011, iyo indasitiri yemotokari yakatora huwandu hwekushandiswa kwesimba seyiri yekumanikidza. Motors dzakaderera pane iyo simba performance level mbiri hazvibvumirwe kugadzirwa uye kutengeswa; muna 2012, Ministry of Viwanda uye Ruzivo Rwehunyanzvi yakapa Chirongwa chegumi nemashanu Chemakore Ekuchengetedza Simba kweindasitiri Systems akaiswa. Muchirongwa ichi, kukura kweiyo IE12 kuiswa muna 2. Iyo yese IE2015 mota ichasvika inodarika 2% yemusika wese mota. Musi waMbudzi 80, webhusaiti yeBazi rezvemaindasitiri pamwe neRuzivo rweTekinoroji Rati bhuku rechinyakare remagetsi emagetsi rakavhurwa kuti vataure. Iyo yakarongwa yakakwirira-simba-yekushandisa yakapera magetsi echimanje inosanganisira 16 zvinhu mune gumi nemaviri. Izvi zvinomhanyisa maitiro ekubvisa echinyakare michina yemagetsi. Iyo nyika inotora musanganiswa wemasangano uye matanho ekumanikidza ekuenderera mberi nekuvandudza mota simba mashandiro uye kukurudzira kuvandudzwa kwemagetsi uye anoponesa simba misika misika.

Migwagwa inotendeuka, ramangwana rakajeka

Kunyangwe iyo iripo yekusimudzira mwero wepamusoro-inobudirira motors yakadzikira zvakanyanya pane zvinotarisirwa nemitemo. Nekudaro, mukutarisisa iwo marongero makore apfuura, tinogona kuona kuti mukutarisana nematambudziko anoshanda, kuda nyika kuitisa kuri kuwedzera kusimba, uye kutsunga kwayo kwakasimba. Mune ramangwana, maitiro emabhizinesi mazhinji anotora akakwira mota haachinje, uye gwara rehurumende reruzivo rwekusimudzira nesimba motors zvine simba harisi kuchinja.

Kazhinji kutaura, musika wekutengesa pamakirogiramu ezvivigiro zvepamusoro zveimwe mota yakanangana ne20% yakakwirira kupfuura yakajairwa motors, iyo mutengo wepasi risingaperi magineti yakakwirira kwazvo-yakakwirira motors yakakwira kusvika makumi mana muzana. Nekudaro, kubva pamaonero ehupenyu hwese hwemota kutenderera, kutenga kwekutanga, kuisirwa, uye nekugadzirisa mutengo unoisa nezvegumi muzana yemutengo wakakwana, uye magetsi anodiwa pakushanda anozoita anenge 40%. Kusarudza yepamusoro-inoshanda mota kuti uchengetedze mari yemagetsi iri mukufamba kwenguva.

Kubva pane zvaionekwa nyika yese, muna 2011, magetsi emunyika kushandisa mota dzinopfuura 2 trillion kilowatt-maawa. Kana dzese mota yepamusoro-soro dzikashandiswa, kugona kweose mota mota kunogona kuwedzera ne3% kusvika ku5%, uye kuchengetedza magetsi pagore kwaizokwana maawa mazana matanhatu negumi nemashanu emakiromita. Yegore magetsi ekugadzira kune vatatu Gorges Power Station. Zvichienderana nefungidziro ye 66 yuan / kWh, magetsi epagore magetsi anochengetedza ari makumi matatu nematatu makumi matanhatu nematanhatu emakumi matanhatu emamiriyoni emayun. Naizvozvo, mune ramangwana, pasi peiyo mbiri yekusimudzira mutemo uye kufunga nezvezvinofarira zvekambani, kudiwa kukuru kwemhando yepamusoro-soro kunozvarwa.

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